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dltr:state dltr:store dltr:segment iso4217:USD xbrli:shares dltr:province iso4217:USD xbrli:pure xbrli:shares dltr:distribution_center dltr:plantiff
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended August 3, 2019
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number: 0-25464
dollartreeiconcmyka01a02a05.gif
DOLLAR TREE, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Virginia
 
26-2018846
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
500 Volvo Parkway
 
 
Chesapeake,
Virginia
 
23320
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

(757) 321-5000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.01 per share
DLTR
NASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes
No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes
No

1

Table of Contents

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.        
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes  
No
As of August 26, 2019, there were 236,624,725 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.


2



DOLLAR TREE, INC.
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED AUGUST 3, 2019
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
 

3

Table of Contents

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
 
August 3,
 
August 4,
 
August 3,
 
August 4,
(in millions, except per share data)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net sales
 
$
5,740.6

 
$
5,525.6

 
$
11,549.3

 
$
11,079.3

Cost of sales
 
4,092.1

 
3,861.7

 
8,173.6

 
7,715.8

Gross profit
 
1,648.5

 
1,663.9

 
3,375.7

 
3,363.5

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
1,379.6

 
1,281.4

 
2,721.3

 
2,543.4

Operating income
 
268.9

 
382.5

 
654.4

 
820.1

Interest expense, net
 
40.1

 
46.1

 
81.5

 
276.1

Other expense (income), net
 
0.4

 
(1.3
)
 
0.6

 
(1.1
)
Income before income taxes
 
228.4

 
337.7

 
572.3

 
545.1

Provision for income taxes
 
48.1

 
63.8

 
124.1

 
110.7

Net income
 
$
180.3

 
$
273.9

 
$
448.2

 
$
434.4

Basic net income per share
 
$
0.76

 
$
1.15

 
$
1.88

 
$
1.83

Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.76

 
$
1.15

 
$
1.88

 
$
1.82

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


4

Table of Contents

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
 
August 3,
 
August 4,
 
August 3,
 
August 4,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
 
$
180.3

 
$
273.9

 
$
448.2

 
$
434.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
1.5

 
(1.3
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(5.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total comprehensive income
 
$
181.8

 
$
272.6

 
$
446.9

 
$
429.2

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.



5

Table of Contents

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(in millions)
 
August 3, 2019
 
February 2, 2019
 
August 4, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
623.4

 
$
422.1

 
$
647.3

Merchandise inventories
 
3,470.9

 
3,536.0

 
3,288.2

Other current assets
 
246.5

 
335.2

 
337.3

Total current assets
 
4,340.8

 
4,293.3

 
4,272.8

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
   of $3,928.0, $3,690.6 and $3,448.2, respectively
 
3,666.2

 
3,445.3

 
3,316.1

Restricted cash
 
24.9

 
24.6

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets
 
6,014.3

 

 

Goodwill
 
2,296.3

 
2,296.6

 
5,023.9

Favorable lease rights, net of accumulated amortization of $287.8
   and $270.8 at February 2, 2019 and August 4, 2018,
   respectively
 

 
288.7

 
334.5

Trade name intangible asset
 
3,100.0

 
3,100.0

 
3,100.0

Other assets
 
51.3

 
52.7

 
56.3

Total assets
 
$
19,493.8

 
$
13,501.2

 
$
16,103.6

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 

 
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Current portion of long-term debt
 
$
750.0

 
$

 
$

Current portion of operating lease liabilities
 
1,215.0

 

 

Accounts payable
 
1,455.4

 
1,416.4

 
1,241.7

Income taxes payable
 

 
60.0

 
14.1

Other current liabilities
 
673.6

 
619.3

 
651.6

Total current liabilities
 
4,094.0

 
2,095.7

 
1,907.4

Long-term debt, net, excluding current portion
 
3,518.6

 
4,265.3

 
5,041.8

Operating lease liabilities, long-term
 
4,767.4

 

 

Unfavorable lease rights, net of accumulated amortization of
   $76.9 and $71.7 at February 2, 2019 and August 4, 2018,
   respectively
 

 
78.8

 
89.2

Deferred income taxes, net
 
960.2

 
973.2

 
976.0

Income taxes payable, long-term
 
30.1

 
35.4

 
30.1

Other liabilities
 
257.8

 
409.9

 
411.6

Total liabilities
 
13,628.1

 
7,858.3

 
8,456.1

Commitments and contingencies
 


 


 


Shareholders’ equity
 
5,865.7

 
5,642.9

 
7,647.5

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
19,493.8

 
$
13,501.2

 
$
16,103.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common shares outstanding
 
236.8

 
238.1

 
237.9

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.



6

Table of Contents

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited)
 
 
13 Weeks Ended August 3, 2019
(in millions)
 
Common
Stock
Shares
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Share-
holders'
Equity
Balance at May 4, 2019
 
237.6

 
$
2.4

 
$
2,515.9

 
$
(41.1
)
 
$
3,278.7

 
$
5,755.9

Net income
 

 

 

 

 
180.3

 
180.3

Total other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 
1.5

 

 
1.5

Issuance of stock under Employee Stock
    Purchase Plan
 

 

 
2.1

 

 

 
2.1

Exercise of stock options
 

 

 
1.2

 

 

 
1.2

Stock-based compensation, net
 

 

 
13.1

 

 

 
13.1

Repurchase of stock
 
(0.8
)
 

 
(88.4
)
 

 

 
(88.4
)
Balance at August 3, 2019
 
236.8

 
$
2.4

 
$
2,443.9

 
$
(39.6
)
 
$
3,459.0

 
$
5,865.7

 
 
26 Weeks Ended August 3, 2019
(in millions)
 
Common
Stock
Shares
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Share-
holders'
Equity
Balance at February 2, 2019
 
238.1

 
$
2.4

 
$
2,602.7

 
$
(38.3
)
 
$
3,076.1

 
$
5,642.9

Cumulative effect of adopted accounting
    standards, net
 

 

 

 

 
(65.3
)
 
(65.3
)
Net income
 

 

 

 

 
448.2

 
448.2

Total other comprehensive loss
 

 

 

 
(1.3
)
 

 
(1.3
)
Issuance of stock under Employee Stock
    Purchase Plan
 
0.1

 

 
5.2

 

 

 
5.2

Exercise of stock options
 

 

 
4.1

 

 

 
4.1

Stock-based compensation, net
 
0.4

 

 
20.3

 

 

 
20.3

Repurchase of stock
 
(1.8
)
 

 
(188.4
)
 

 

 
(188.4
)
Balance at August 3, 2019
 
236.8

 
$
2.4

 
$
2,443.9

 
$
(39.6
)
 
$
3,459.0

 
$
5,865.7

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


7

Table of Contents

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (cont.)
(Unaudited)
 
 
13 Weeks Ended August 4, 2018
(in millions)
 
Common
Stock
Shares
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Share-
holders'
Equity
Balance at May 5, 2018
 
237.8

 
$
2.4

 
$
2,562.1

 
$
(36.2
)
 
$
4,827.4

 
$
7,355.7

Net income
 

 

 

 

 
273.9

 
273.9

Total other comprehensive loss
 

 

 

 
(1.3
)
 

 
(1.3
)
Issuance of stock under Employee Stock
    Purchase Plan
 

 

 
2.6

 

 

 
2.6

Exercise of stock options
 
0.1

 

 
3.0

 

 

 
3.0

Stock-based compensation, net
 

 

 
13.6

 

 

 
13.6

Balance at August 4, 2018
 
237.9

 
$
2.4

 
$
2,581.3

 
$
(37.5
)
 
$
5,101.3

 
$
7,647.5

 
 
26 Weeks Ended August 4, 2018
(in millions)
 
Common
Stock
Shares
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Share-
holders'
Equity
Balance at February 3, 2018
 
237.3

 
$
2.4

 
$
2,545.3

 
$
(32.3
)
 
$
4,666.9

 
$
7,182.3

Net income
 

 

 

 

 
434.4

 
434.4

Total other comprehensive loss
 

 

 

 
(5.2
)
 

 
(5.2
)
Issuance of stock under Employee Stock
    Purchase Plan
 
0.1

 

 
5.9

 

 

 
5.9

Exercise of stock options
 
0.1

 

 
4.3

 

 

 
4.3

Stock-based compensation, net
 
0.4

 

 
25.8

 

 

 
25.8

Balance at August 4, 2018
 
237.9

 
$
2.4

 
$
2,581.3

 
$
(37.5
)
 
$
5,101.3

 
$
7,647.5

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


8

Table of Contents

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
 
August 3,
 
August 4,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
448.2

 
$
434.4

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
306.3

 
304.0

Provision for deferred income taxes
 
9.0

 
(9.4
)
Amortization of debt discount and debt-issuance costs
 
3.3

 
51.7

Other non-cash adjustments to net income
 
61.4

 
49.1

Loss on debt extinguishment
 

 
114.7

Changes in operating assets and liabilities
 
15.8

 
(175.7
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
844.0

 
768.8

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Capital expenditures
 
(502.5
)
 
(394.3
)
Proceeds from governmental grant
 
16.5

 

Payments for fixed asset disposition
 
(2.7
)
 
(0.4
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(488.7
)
 
(394.7
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Proceeds from long-term debt, net of discount
 

 
4,775.8

Principal payments for long-term debt
 

 
(5,432.7
)
Debt-issuance and debt extinguishment costs
 

 
(155.3
)
Proceeds from revolving credit facility
 

 
50.0

Repayments of revolving credit facility
 

 
(50.0
)
Proceeds from stock issued pursuant to stock-based compensation plans
 
9.1

 
10.2

Cash paid for taxes on exercises/vesting of stock-based compensation
 
(23.9
)
 
(21.7
)
Payments for repurchase of stock
 
(139.2
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
 
(154.0
)
 
(823.7
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
0.3

 
(0.9
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
201.6

 
(450.5
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
 
446.7

 
1,097.8

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
 
$
648.3

 
$
647.3

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 

 
 

Cash paid for:
 
 

 
 

Interest, net of amounts capitalized
 
$
84.2

 
$
277.7

Income taxes
 
$
220.1

 
$
169.2

Non-cash transactions:
 
 
 
 
Accrued capital expenditures
 
$
55.7

 
$
46.4

 See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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DOLLAR TREE, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 1 - Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Dollar Tree, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and are presented in accordance with the requirements of Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete consolidated financial statements. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 2, 2019. The results of operations for the 13 and 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire fiscal year ending February 1, 2020.
In the Company’s opinion, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein contain all adjustments (including those of a normal recurring nature) considered necessary for a fair presentation of its financial position as of August 3, 2019 and August 4, 2018 and the results of its operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The February 2, 2019 balance sheet information was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of that date.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)” and subsequent amendments, which replaced existing lease accounting guidance in GAAP and requires lessees to recognize right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities on the balance sheet for all in-scope leases with a term of greater than 12 months and requires disclosure of certain quantitative and qualitative information pertaining to an entity’s leasing arrangements. The Company adopted the standard as of February 3, 2019, using the optional effective date transition method provided by accounting pronouncement, ASU No. 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements” and recorded a cumulative effect adjustment to beginning retained earnings. The Company’s reporting for the comparative prior periods presented in the condensed consolidated financial statements continues to be in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 840, “Leases (Topic 840).” The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard which, among other things, permitted the Company to carry forward the historical lease classification for leases that commenced before the effective date of the new standard. The Company did not elect the hindsight practical expedient, which permits the use of hindsight when determining lease term and impairment of right-of-use assets. Adoption of the standard resulted in the recognition of Operating lease right-of-use assets and Operating lease liabilities of $6.2 billion and $6.1 billion, respectively, and a reduction to Retained earnings of $65.3 million, net of tax, as of February 3, 2019. The Operating lease right-of-use assets recorded at transition include the impact of net favorable lease rights of approximately $210.0 million, accrued rent, net of prepaid rent of approximately $108.0 million, lease incentives of approximately $67.0 million and the impairment of right-of-use assets recognized in retained earnings as of February 3, 2019 of approximately $96.0 million. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated income statements or condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. Refer to Note 7 for additional information related to the Company’s accounting for leases.
Note 2 - Legal Proceedings
The Company is a defendant in legal proceedings including the class, collective, representative and large cases described below as well as several thousand individual claims in arbitration. The Company will vigorously defend itself in these matters. The Company does not believe that any of these matters will, individually or in the aggregate, have a material effect on its business or financial condition. The Company cannot give assurance, however, that one or more of these matters will not have a material effect on its results of operations for the quarter or year in which they are resolved.
The Company assesses its legal proceedings and reserves are established if a loss is probable and the amount of such loss can be reasonably estimated. Many, if not substantially all, of the contingencies described below are subject to significant uncertainties and, therefore, determining the likelihood of a loss and the measurement of any loss can be complex and subject to judgment. With respect to legal proceedings where the Company has determined that a loss is reasonably possible but not probable, the Company is unable to estimate the amount or range of the reasonably possible loss due to the inherent difficulty of predicting the outcome of and uncertainties regarding legal proceedings. The Company’s assessments are based on estimates and assumptions that have been deemed reasonable by management, but that may prove to be incomplete or inaccurate, and unanticipated events and circumstances may occur that might cause the Company to change those estimates and assumptions. Management’s assessment of legal proceedings could change because of future determinations or the discovery of facts which are not presently known. Accordingly, the ultimate costs of resolving these proceedings may be substantially higher or lower than currently estimated.

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Dollar Tree Active Matters
In April 2015, a distribution center employee filed a class action in California state court with allegations concerning wages, meal and rest breaks, recovery periods, wage statements and timely termination pay. The employee filed an amended complaint in which he abandoned his attempt to certify a nation-wide class of non-exempt distribution center employees for alleged improper calculation of overtime compensation. The Company removed this lawsuit to federal court. The court certified the case as a state-wide class action.
In August 2018, a former employee brought suit in California state court as a class action and as a Private Attorney General Act (“PAGA”) representative suit alleging the Company failed to provide all non-exempt California store employees with compliant rest and meal breaks, accrued vacation, accurate wage statements and final pay upon termination of employment.
In December 2018, two former employees brought a PAGA suit in California state court alleging that Dollar Tree Stores, Inc. and Dollar Tree Distribution, Inc. failed to provide non-exempt California store and distribution center employees with rest and meal breaks, suitable seating, overtime pay, minimum wage for all time worked, reporting time pay, accurate wage statements, timely payment of wages during and upon termination of employment, failed to reimburse business expenses, and made unlawful deductions from wage payments.
Several lawsuits have been filed against Dollar Tree, Family Dollar and their vendors alleging that personal powder products caused cancer. The Company does not believe the products it sold caused the illnesses. The Company believes these lawsuits are insured and is being indemnified by its third party vendors.
Dollar Tree Resolved Matters
In 2015, a former store manager filed a class action in California federal court alleging, among other things, that the Company failed to make wage statements readily available to employees who did not receive paper checks. In 2017, a jury found in favor of the Company. In 2019, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the jury verdict. In July 2019, the plaintiff filed a petition with the Supreme Court of the United States seeking a review of the decision.
Family Dollar Active Matters
In January 2017, a customer filed a class action in federal court in Illinois alleging the Company violated various state consumer fraud laws as well as express and implied warranties by selling a product that purported to contain aloe when it did not. The requested class is limited to the state of Illinois. The Company believes that it is fully indemnified by the entities that supplied it with the product.
In January 2018, a former store manager and a former assistant store manager filed suit in California state court asserting class claims on behalf of themselves and their respective classes seeking to recover for working off the clock, noncompliant rest and meal periods and related claims. The plaintiffs have amended their complaint to add a PAGA claim but have also agreed to stay the PAGA and class claims pending the arbitration of their individual claims.
In July 2019, a customer filed a nationwide class action in federal court in Pennsylvania on behalf of all customers with mobility disabilities alleging the Company violated the public accommodation requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act by systemically blocking the aisles with merchandise. The customer seeks a permanent injunction requiring the Company to remove all access barriers and giving the customer authority to monitor the Company’s compliance.
Family Dollar Resolved Matters
In June 2018, a former store manager filed suit in California state court asserting class and PAGA claims on behalf of himself and a class of current and former employees for alleged off the clock work, alleged failure to receive compliant rest and meal breaks and related claims. In May 2019, the case was resolved.
In December 2018, a former assistant store manager filed a PAGA suit in California state court alleging the Company failed to provide rest and meal breaks, failed to pay minimum, regular and overtime wages, failed to maintain accurate records and provide accurate wage statements, failed to timely pay wages due upon termination of employment and failed to reimburse employees for business expenses. In April 2019, the case was dismissed without prejudice.
Note 3 - Fair Value Measurements
As required, financial assets and liabilities are classified in the fair value hierarchy in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to

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the fair value measurement requires judgment and may affect the valuation of fair value assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table sets forth the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
(in millions)
 
August 3,
2019
 
February 2,
2019
 
August 4,
2018
Level 1
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation plan assets
 
$
21.8

 
$
21.8

 
$
22.5


Deferred compensation plan assets are held pursuant to deferred compensation plans for certain officers and executives. The deferred compensation plan assets are recorded in "Other assets" within the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets and a corresponding liability is recorded in "Other liabilities" within the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
Certain assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis; that is, the assets and liabilities are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances (e.g., when there is evidence of impairment). The Company did not record any significant impairment charges during the 13 or 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019 and August 4, 2018.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying amounts of Cash and cash equivalents, Restricted cash and Accounts payable as reported in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets approximate fair value due to their short-term maturities.
The aggregate fair values and carrying values of the Company’s long-term borrowings were as follows:
 
 
August 3, 2019
 
February 2, 2019
 
August 4, 2018
(in millions)
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
Level 1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Notes
 
$
4,460.8

 
$
4,277.5

 
$
4,198.6

 
$
4,275.5

 
$
4,288.7

 
$
4,273.4

Level 2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Term Loan Facility
 

 

 

 

 
774.2

 
779.8


The fair values of the Company’s Senior Notes were determined using Level 1 inputs as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities are available. The fair value of the Company’s Term Loan Facility, which the Company prepaid in full during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, was determined using Level 2 inputs as quoted prices are readily available from pricing services, but the prices are not published. The carrying value of the Company’s Revolving Credit Facility approximated its fair value because the interest rates vary with market interest rates.

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Note 4 - Net Income Per Share
The following table sets forth the calculations of basic and diluted net income per share:
 
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
 
August 3,
 
August 4,
 
August 3,
 
August 4,
(in millions, except per share data)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Basic net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
180.3

 
$
273.9

 
$
448.2

 
$
434.4

Weighted average number of shares outstanding
 
237.6

 
237.9

 
237.8

 
237.7

Basic net income per share
 
$
0.76

 
$
1.15

 
$
1.88

 
$
1.83

Diluted net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
180.3

 
$
273.9

 
$
448.2

 
$
434.4

Weighted average number of shares outstanding
 
237.6

 
237.9

 
237.8

 
237.7

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock (as
determined by applying the treasury stock method)
 
0.7

 
0.7

 
0.9

 
0.8

Weighted average number of shares and dilutive potential
shares outstanding
 
238.3

 
238.6

 
238.7

 
238.5

Diluted net income per share
 
$
0.76

 
$
1.15

 
$
1.88

 
$
1.82


For the 13 and 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019 and August 4, 2018, substantially all of the stock options outstanding were included in the calculation of the weighted average number of shares and dilutive potential shares outstanding.
Note 5 - Stock-Based Compensation
For a discussion of the Company’s stock-based compensation plans, refer to “Note 10 - Stock-Based Compensation Plans” of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 2, 2019. Stock-based compensation expense was $44.1 million and $47.6 million during the 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019 and August 4, 2018, respectively.
Restricted Stock
The Company issues service-based RSUs to employees and officers and issues performance-based RSUs to certain officers of the Company. The Company recognizes expense based on the estimated fair value of the RSUs granted over the requisite service period, which is generally three years, on a straight-line basis or a shorter period based on the retirement eligibility of the grantee. The fair value of RSUs is determined using the Company’s closing stock price on the date of grant.
The following table summarizes the status of RSUs as of August 3, 2019 and changes during the 26 weeks then ended:
 
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Nonvested at February 2, 2019
 
1,446,100

 
$
86.96

Granted
 
765,787

 
103.66

Vested
 
(640,768
)
 
84.70

Forfeited
 
(159,498
)
 
88.87

Nonvested at August 3, 2019
 
1,411,621

 
$
96.40


Note 6 - Segments
The Company operates a chain of more than 15,100 retail discount stores in 48 states and five Canadian provinces. The Company’s operations are conducted in two reporting business segments: Dollar Tree and Family Dollar. The Company defines its segments as those operations whose results its chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) regularly reviews to analyze performance and allocate resources.

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The Dollar Tree segment is the leading operator of discount variety stores offering merchandise at the fixed price of $1.00. The Dollar Tree segment includes the Company’s operations under the “Dollar Tree” and “Dollar Tree Canada” brands, 12 distribution centers in the United States and two distribution centers in Canada.
The Family Dollar segment operates a chain of general merchandise retail discount stores providing consumers with a selection of competitively-priced merchandise in convenient neighborhood stores. The Family Dollar segment consists of the Company’s operations under the “Family Dollar” brand and 11 distribution centers.
The Company measures the results of its segments using, among other measures, each segment’s net sales, gross profit and operating income. The CODM reviews these metrics for each of the Company’s reporting segments. The Company may revise the measurement of each segment’s operating income, as determined by the information regularly reviewed by the CODM. If the measurement of a segment changes, prior period amounts and balances are reclassified to be comparable to the current period’s presentation. In the current year, the Company identified Corporate and support costs, mainly store support center costs that are considered shared services, and excluded these selling, general and administrative costs from its two reporting business segments. These costs include operating expenses for the Company’s store support centers in Chesapeake, Virginia and Matthews, North Carolina. During fiscal 2019 the Company consolidated its Matthews, North Carolina store support center with its store support center in Chesapeake, Virginia in its office tower in the Summit Pointe development in Chesapeake, Virginia. The Company continues to own its facility in Matthews, North Carolina. Amounts for the 13 and 26 weeks ended August 4, 2018 have been reclassified to be comparable to the current year presentation.
Information for the Company’s segments, as well as for Corporate and support, including the reconciliation to Income before income taxes, is as follows:
 
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
 
August 3,
 
August 4,
 
August 3,
 
August 4,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Condensed Consolidated Income Statement Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollar Tree
 
$
2,957.7

 
$
2,768.8

 
$
5,917.1

 
$
5,553.2

Family Dollar
 
2,782.9

 
2,756.8

 
5,632.2

 
5,526.1

Consolidated Net sales
 
$
5,740.6

 
$
5,525.6

 
$
11,549.3

 
$
11,079.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollar Tree
 
$
999.0

 
$
955.3

 
$
2,020.2

 
$
1,916.1

Family Dollar
 
649.5

 
708.6

 
1,355.5

 
1,447.4

Consolidated Gross profit
 
$
1,648.5

 
$
1,663.9

 
$
3,375.7

 
$
3,363.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollar Tree
 
$
334.0

 
$
330.8

 
$
725.0

 
$
703.5

Family Dollar
 
15.4

 
113.6

 
105.7

 
257.5

Corporate and support
 
(80.5
)
 
(61.9
)
 
(176.3
)
 
(140.9
)
Consolidated Operating income
 
268.9

 
382.5

 
654.4

 
820.1

Interest expense, net
 
40.1

 
46.1

 
81.5

 
276.1

Other expense (income), net
 
0.4

 
(1.3
)
 
0.6

 
(1.1
)
Income before income taxes
 
$
228.4

 
$
337.7

 
$
572.3

 
$
545.1


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As of
 
 
August 3,
 
February 2,
 
August 4,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2019
 
2018
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollar Tree
 
$
412.3

 
$
376.5

 
$
356.5

Family Dollar
 
1,884.0

 
1,920.1

 
4,667.4

Consolidated Goodwill
 
$
2,296.3

 
$
2,296.6

 
$
5,023.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dollar Tree
 
$
7,147.2

 
$
3,992.6

 
$
3,869.7

Family Dollar
 
11,982.2

 
9,144.7

 
11,875.2

Corporate and support
 
364.4

 
363.9

 
358.7

Consolidated Total assets
 
$
19,493.8

 
$
13,501.2

 
$
16,103.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

*Goodwill is reassigned between segments when stores are re-bannered between segments. In the 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019 and August 4, 2018, the Company reassigned $36.1 million and $10.7 million, respectively, of goodwill from Family Dollar to Dollar Tree as a result of re-bannering.
Note 7 - Leases
The Company’s lease portfolio primarily consists of leases for its retail store locations and it also leases vehicles and trailers, as well as distribution center space and equipment. The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception by evaluating whether the arrangement conveys the right to use an identified asset and whether the Company obtains substantially all of the economic benefits from and has the ability to direct the use of the asset. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheets; the Company recognizes expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term. For leases with an initial term in excess of 12 months, operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the committed lease term at the lease commencement date. As most of the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on its credit rating and the information available at the lease commencement date in determining the present value of future lease payments. Most leases include one or more options to renew and the exercise of renewal options is at the Company’s sole discretion. The Company does not include renewal options in its determination of the lease term unless the renewals are deemed to be reasonably assured at lease commencement. Operating lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The operating lease right-of-use asset is reduced by lease incentives, which has the effect of lowering the operating lease expense. Operating lease right-of-use assets are periodically reviewed for impairment losses. The Company uses the long-lived assets impairment guidance in ASC Subtopic 360-10, “Property, Plant, and Equipment - Overall,” to determine whether a right-of-use asset is impaired, and if so, the amount of the impairment loss to recognize.
Certain of the Company’s lease agreements include rental payments based on a percentage of retail sales over contractual levels and others include rental payments adjusted periodically for inflation. In addition, the Company’s real estate leases generally require payment of real estate taxes, common area maintenance and insurance, which are generally variable and based on actual costs incurred by the lessor. These variable payments are expensed as incurred as variable lease costs. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive financial covenants.
The Company has lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, which are generally accounted for separately. For certain equipment leases, such as trailers, the Company accounts for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component.

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The lease cost for operating leases that was recognized in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated income statements was as follows:
 
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
26 Weeks Ended
(in millions)
 
August 3, 2019
 
August 3, 2019
Operating lease cost
 
$
380.2

 
$
761.6

Variable lease cost
 
92.1

 
177.5

Total lease cost*
 
$
472.3

 
$
939.1

 
 
 
 
 
*Excludes short-term lease cost and sublease income, which are immaterial

As of August 3, 2019, maturities of lease liabilities were as follows:
 
 
(in millions)
Remainder of 2019
 
$
617.3

2020
 
1,352.6

2021
 
1,165.5

2022
 
964.3

2023
 
745.4

Thereafter
 
2,121.7

Total undiscounted lease payments
 
6,966.8

Less interest
 
984.4

Present value of lease liabilities
 
$
5,982.4


The future minimum lease payments above exclude $266.4 million of legally binding minimum lease payments for leases signed but not yet commenced as of August 3, 2019.
Information regarding the weighted-average remaining lease term and the weighted-average discount rate for operating leases as of August 3, 2019 is as follows:
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years)
 
6.6

Weighted-average discount rate
 
4.4
%

The following represents supplemental information pertaining to the Company’s operating lease arrangements for the 13 and 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019:
 
 
13 Weeks Ended
 
26 Weeks Ended
(in millions)
 
August 3, 2019
 
August 3, 2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
 
$
364.4

 
$
731.6

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities
 
213.9

 
429.3



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As previously disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 2, 2019 and in accordance with ASC 840, future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating leases were as follows as of February 2, 2019:
 
 
(in millions)
2019
 
$
1,435.9

2020
 
1,176.7

2021
 
1,100.0

2022
 
899.6

2023
 
729.1

Thereafter
 
1,966.3

Total minimum lease payments
 
$
7,307.6


The above future minimum lease payments include amounts for leases that were signed prior to February 2, 2019 for stores that were not open as of February 2, 2019 and exclude contingent rentals that may be paid under certain store leases based on a percentage of sales in excess of stipulated amounts. As of February 2, 2019, future minimum lease payments have not been reduced by expected future minimum sublease rentals of $1.2 million under operating leases.
Note 8 - Shareholders’ Equity
The Company repurchased 881,624 and 1,842,307 shares of common stock on the open market for approximately $88.4 million and $188.4 million during the 13 and 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019, respectively. Approximately $49.2 million in share repurchases had not settled as of August 3, 2019 and this amount has been accrued in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of August 3, 2019. As of August 3, 2019, the Company has $811.6 million remaining under Board repurchase authorization.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Introductory Note: Unless otherwise stated, references to “we,” “our” and “us” generally refer to Dollar Tree, Inc. and its direct and indirect subsidiaries on a consolidated basis.
A Warning About Forward-Looking Statements: This document contains “forward-looking statements” as that term is used in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the fact that they address future events, developments and results and do not relate strictly to historical facts. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical facts may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements preceded by, followed by or including words such as “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “view,” “target” or “estimate,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “predict,” “possible,” “potential,” “continue,” “strategy,” and similar expressions. For example, our forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding:
the potential effect of general business or economic conditions (including inflation) on our costs and profitability, including the potential effect of future changes in prevailing wage rates and overtime regulations and our plans to address these changes, shipping rates, domestic and import freight costs (including the effects of potential increases in import freight costs due to low sulphur fuel requirements for ships which become effective in January 2020), fuel costs and wage and benefit costs, consumer spending levels, and population, employment and job growth and/or losses in our markets;
the actual and potential effect of Section 301 tariffs on Chinese goods imposed by the United States Trade Representative;
our growth plans, including our plans to add, renovate, re-banner, expand, relocate or close stores and any related costs or charges, our anticipated square footage increase, and our ability to renew leases at existing store locations;
the ability to retain key personnel and attract new personnel at Family Dollar and Dollar Tree;
our anticipated sales, comparable store net sales, net sales growth, gross profit margin, earnings and earnings growth, inventory levels and our ability to leverage selling, general and administrative and other fixed costs;
the outcome and costs of pending or potential litigation or governmental investigations;
the effect of changes in labor laws, and the effect of the Fair Labor Standards Act as it relates to the qualification of our managers for exempt status, minimum wage and health care law;
the average size of our stores to be added in 2019 and beyond;
the effect of our consumable merchandise initiatives, including the increase in the number of our stores with freezers and coolers, the increase in the number of freezer and cooler doors in H2 stores and the roll-outs of adult beverage and Snack Zone, on our results of operations;
the net sales per square foot, net sales and operating income of our stores;
the benefits, results and effects of the Family Dollar acquisition and integration and the combined Company’s plans, objectives, expectations (financial or otherwise), including synergies, the cost to achieve synergies, and the effect on earnings per share;
the effect of changes in tax laws and regulatory interpretations of such laws;
our seasonal sales patterns including those relating to the length of the holiday selling seasons;
the capabilities of our inventory supply chain technology and other systems;
the reliability of, and cost associated with, our sources of supply, particularly imported goods such as those sourced from China;
the capacity, performance and cost of our distribution centers, including future automation;
our cash needs, including our ability to fund our future capital expenditures and working capital requirements and our ability to service our debt obligations, including our expected annual interest expense;
our expectations regarding competition and growth in our retail sector;

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our assessment of the materiality and impact on our business of recent accounting pronouncements adopted by the Financial Accounting Standards Board;
our assessment of the impact on the Company of certain actions by activist shareholders and the Company’s potential responses to these actions; and
management’s estimates associated with our critical accounting policies, including inventory valuation, self-insurance liabilities and valuations for impairment analyses.
A forward-looking statement is neither a prediction nor a guarantee of future results, events or circumstances. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Our forward-looking statements are all based on currently available operating, financial and business information. The outcome of the events described in these forward-looking statements is subject to a variety of factors, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties summarized below and the more detailed discussions in the “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” sections and elsewhere in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 2, 2019 and in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Our profitability is vulnerable to cost increases.
Risks associated with our domestic and foreign suppliers, including, among others, increased taxes, duties, tariffs or other restrictions on trade (including Section 301 tariffs imposed by the United States Trade Representative on imported Chinese goods), including our ability to mitigate Section 301 tariffs, could adversely affect our financial performance.
We have encountered costs and delays in distributing merchandise, such as freight cost increases and we expect additional cost increases as a result of low sulphur fuel requirements for ships which become effective in January 2020, and we could encounter additional disruptions in our distribution network.
Integrating Family Dollar’s operations with ours may be more difficult, costly or time consuming than expected, including disruptions or the loss of key personnel.
Our business could be adversely affected if we fail to attract and retain qualified associates and key personnel.
We rely on computer and technology systems in our operations, and any material failure, inadequacy, interruption or security failure of those systems could harm our ability to effectively operate and grow our business and could adversely affect our financial results.
If we are unable to secure our customers’ credit card and confidential information, or other private data relating to our associates, suppliers or our business, we could be subject to negative publicity, costly government enforcement actions or private litigation and increased costs, which could damage our business reputation and adversely affect our results of operations or business.
Our growth is dependent on our ability to increase sales in existing stores and to expand our square footage profitably.
We could incur losses due to impairment of long-lived assets, goodwill and intangible assets.
Our profitability is affected by the mix of products we sell.
Litigation may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. For a discussion of current legal proceedings, see “Note 2 - Legal Proceedings,” included in “Part I. Financial Information, Item 1. Financial Statements” of this Form 10-Q.
Pressure from competitors may reduce our sales and profits.
A downturn or changes in economic conditions could impact our sales or profitability.
Changes in federal, state or local law, including regulations and interpretations or guidance thereunder, or our failure to adequately estimate the impact of such changes or comply with such laws, could increase our expenses, expose us to legal risks or otherwise adversely affect us.
The price of our common stock is subject to market and other conditions and may be volatile.

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Our business or the value of our common stock could be negatively affected as a result of actions by activist shareholders or by organizations seeking to limit the growth of dollar stores or change the mix or price of products we sell.
Our substantial indebtedness could adversely affect our financial condition, limit our ability to obtain additional financing, restrict our operations and make us more vulnerable to economic downturns and competitive pressures.
The terms of the agreements governing our indebtedness may restrict our current and future operations, particularly our ability to respond to changes or to pursue our business strategies, and could adversely affect our capital resources, financial condition and liquidity.
Our variable-rate indebtedness subjects us to interest rate risk, which could cause our annual debt service obligations to increase significantly.
Certain provisions in our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws could delay or discourage a change of control transaction that may be in a shareholder’s best interest.
We cannot assure you that the results, events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur, and actual results, events or circumstances could differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements. Moreover, new risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all risks and uncertainties that could have an impact on our forward-looking statements.
We do not undertake to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date of this Form 10-Q, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.
Investors should also be aware that while we do, from time to time, communicate with securities analysts and others, it is against our policy to disclose to them any material, nonpublic information or other confidential commercial information. Accordingly, shareholders should not assume that we agree with any statement or report issued by any securities analyst regardless of the content of the statement or report. Furthermore, we have a policy against confirming projections, forecasts or opinions issued by others. Thus, to the extent that reports issued by securities analysts contain any projections, forecasts or opinions, such reports are not our responsibility.
Overview
We are a leading operator of more than 15,100 retail discount stores and we conduct our operations in two reporting segments. Our Dollar Tree segment is the leading operator of discount variety stores offering merchandise at the fixed price of $1.00. Our Family Dollar segment operates general merchandise retail discount stores providing consumers with a selection of competitively-priced merchandise in convenient neighborhood stores.
Our net sales are derived from the sale of merchandise. Two major factors tend to affect our net sales trends. First is our success at opening new stores or adding new stores through mergers or acquisitions. Second is the performance of stores once they are open. Sales vary at our existing stores from one year to the next. We refer to this as a change in comparable store net sales, because we include only those stores that are open throughout both of the periods being compared, beginning after the first fifteen months of operation. We include sales from stores expanded or remodeled during the period in the calculation of comparable store net sales, which has the effect of increasing our comparable store net sales. The term ‘expanded’ also includes stores that are relocated. Stores that have been re-bannered are considered to be new stores and are not included in the calculation of the comparable store net sales change until after the first fifteen months of operation under the new brand.

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At August 3, 2019, we operated stores in 48 states and the District of Columbia, as well as stores in five Canadian provinces. A breakdown of store counts and square footage by segment for the 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019 and August 4, 2018 is as follows:
 
26 Weeks Ended
 
August 3, 2019
 
August 4, 2018
 
Dollar Tree
 
Family Dollar
 
Total
 
Dollar Tree
 
Family Dollar
 
Total
Store Count:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning
7,001

 
8,236

 
15,237

 
6,650

 
8,185

 
14,835

New stores
172

 
69

 
241

 
150

 
126

 
276

Re-bannered stores
151

 
(184
)
 
(33
)
 
17

 
(24
)
 
(7
)
Closings
(18
)
 
(312
)
 
(330
)
 
(5
)
 
(26
)
 
(31
)
Ending
7,306

 
7,809

 
15,115

 
6,812

 
8,261

 
15,073

Relocations
23

 
7

 
30

 
34

 
5

 
39

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling Square Feet (in millions):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning
60.3

 
59.8

 
120.1

 
57.3

 
59.3

 
116.6

New stores
1.5

 
0.5

 
2.0

 
1.2

 
0.9

 
2.1

Re-bannered stores
1.1

 
(1.3
)
 
(0.2
)
 
0.1

 
(0.2
)
 
(0.1
)
Closings
(0.1
)
 
(2.2
)
 
(2.3
)
 

 
(0.2
)
 
(0.2
)
Relocations
0.1

 

 
0.1

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

Ending
62.9

 
56.8

 
119.7

 
58.7

 
59.8

 
118.5

Stores are included as re-banners when they close or open, respectively. Comparable store net sales for Dollar Tree may be negatively affected when a Family Dollar store is re-bannered near an existing Dollar Tree store.
The average size of stores opened during the 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019 was approximately 8,580 selling square feet for the Dollar Tree segment and 7,670 selling square feet for the Family Dollar segment. We believe that these size stores are in the ranges of our optimal sizes operationally and give our customers a shopping environment which invites them to shop longer, buy more and make return visits.
For the 13 weeks ended August 3, 2019, comparable store net sales increased 2.4% on a constant currency basis. Constant currency basis refers to the calculation excluding the impact of currency exchange rate fluctuations. We calculated the constant currency basis increase by translating the current year quarter’s comparable store net sales in Canada using the prior year second quarter’s currency exchange rates. We believe that the constant currency basis provides a more accurate measure of comparable store net sales performance. Including the impact of Canadian currency fluctuations, comparable store net sales increased the same 2.4% due to increases in average ticket and customer count. On a constant currency basis, comparable store net sales increased 2.4% in the Dollar Tree segment and increased 2.4% in the Family Dollar segment for the 13 weeks ended August 3, 2019. Including the impact of currency, comparable store net sales in the Dollar Tree segment increased 2.3%. Comparable store net sales are positively affected by our expanded and relocated stores, which we include in the calculation, and are negatively affected when we open new stores, re-banner stores or expand stores near existing stores.
We believe comparable store net sales continue to be positively affected by a number of our Dollar Tree initiatives. We continued the roll-out of frozen and refrigerated merchandise to more of our Dollar Tree stores in the second quarter of 2019 and as of August 3, 2019, the Dollar Tree segment had frozen and refrigerated merchandise in 5,970 stores compared to approximately 5,435 stores at August 4, 2018. Over the past year, we rolled out a new layout to a number of our Dollar Tree stores, which we call our Snack Zone. This layout highlights our immediate consumption snack offerings in the front of the store near the checkout areas. As of August 3, 2019, we have this layout in approximately 1,630 Dollar Tree stores and we plan to end the year with approximately 2,000 Snack Zone stores. We believe these initiatives have and will continue to enable us to increase sales and earnings by increasing the number of shopping trips made by our customers.

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As announced in March 2019, we are currently executing a store optimization program for our Family Dollar stores to improve performance. This program consists of the following:
A roll-out of a new model for both new and renovated Family Dollar stores internally known as H2. We tested the H2 model in 2018 on a limited basis with positive results. This H2 model has significantly improved merchandise offerings, including approximately 20 Dollar Tree $1.00 merchandise sections and establishing a minimum number of freezer and cooler doors, throughout the store. H2 has increased traffic and provided an average comparable store net sales lift in excess of 10% over control stores. H2 performs well in a variety of locations, and especially in locations where Family Dollar has been most challenged in the past. We started 2019 with approximately 200 H2 stores and as of August 3, 2019, we have approximately 1,000 H2 stores. Our plan is to renovate at least 1,150 stores to this model in 2019 and we expect an accelerated renovation schedule in future years.
We plan to close under-performing stores. The normal cadence of Family Dollar closings on an annual basis is approximately 75 stores. In 2019 we will accelerate the pace of closings to as many as 390 stores and have closed 312 stores as of August 3, 2019. We expect to incur approximately $24.5 million in store closure costs and through the second quarter of 2019, we have incurred $19.4 million. In addition to these costs, during the second quarter of 2019 we incurred approximately $15.0 million of other store closure costs, primarily due to loss on disposal of fixed assets.
We plan to re-banner approximately 200 Family Dollar stores to the Dollar Tree brand in 2019. As of August 3, 2019, we have re-bannered 151 stores to the Dollar Tree brand.
Additionally, we plan to install adult beverage product in approximately 1,000 stores and expand freezers and coolers in approximately 75 stores in 2019. As of August 3, 2019, we installed adult beverage product in approximately 250 stores and expanded freezers and coolers in approximately 70 stores.
In fiscal 2019, in addition to the approximately $39.5 million in store closure costs, we estimate that we will incur approximately $30.0 million of incremental initiative costs based on project count and velocity of which $21.0 million we incurred through August 3, 2019. We expect to incur the remaining $9.0 million in the third quarter of 2019.
On September 18, 2018, we announced that as part of our continuing integration of Family Dollar’s organization and support functions, we plan to consolidate our store support centers in Matthews, North Carolina and Chesapeake, Virginia to our office tower in the Summit Pointe development in Chesapeake, Virginia. Approximately 30 percent of the Matthews associates, including more than 50 percent of the officers and directors, invited to move to Chesapeake have agreed to do so. We are currently hiring to replace the associates who are not moving. We expect the consolidation to be completed by the fall of 2019 and we expect to incur pre-tax expense of approximately $30.0 million in 2019 in connection with these plans, of which approximately $18.4 million was incurred in the first half of fiscal 2019.
Additionally, the following items have already impacted or could impact our business or results of operations during 2019 or in the future:
The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) previously imposed tariffs under Section 301 against Chinese goods described on Lists 1, 2, and 3 with an annual trade value of $250 billion. The tariff rate on $200 billion of those goods under List 3 increased to 25 percent on May 10, 2019. When the tariffs were implemented, approximately nine percent of our products, measured by sales volume, were on Lists 1, 2, and 3. To mitigate the potential adverse effect of the tariffs, we negotiated price concessions from vendors on certain products, canceled orders, changed product sizes and specifications, changed our product mix and changed vendors. As a result of our mitigation efforts, we believe that we have reduced most of the potential adverse effects of the tariffs under Lists 1, 2, and 3 on the Dollar Tree and Family Dollar segments through September 2019.
Earlier this year, the USTR began a process to impose a tariff on all of the $300 billion in Chinese goods which were not previously subject to a tariff under Section 301, referred to as List 4 goods. On August 13, 2019, the USTR published the final description of products on List 4 and divided the list into two parts. Tariffs at the rate of 10 percent on List 4A goods were originally scheduled to go into effect September 1, 2019. Tariffs at the rate of 10 percent on List 4B goods were originally scheduled to go into effect December 15, 2019. We anticipate that more of our products are on List 4 than Lists 1, 2, and 3 combined. However, we also believe that most of our List 4 products are contained on List 4B and not List 4A.
On August 23, 2019, the USTR announced that tariffs on List 1, 2, and 3 products would increase from 25% to 30% on October 1, 2019, tariffs on List 4A products would increase from 10% to 15% on September 1, 2019, and tariffs on List 4B products would increase from 10% to 15% on December 15, 2019. We estimate that without mitigation

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List 4 and the additional 5% tariff on Lists 1, 2 and 3 will cost the Company approximately $26 million in additional tariffs between September 1, 2019 and December 15, 2019 and approximately $14.7 million between December 15, 2019 and January 31, 2020. We are now implementing actions that may mitigate all List 1, 2, 3, and 4 tariffs. We will continue to assess the future impact of those tariffs. We are not able to accurately predict that impact of mitigation until we can estimate the success of our current efforts. We can give no assurances as to the final scope, duration, or impact of any existing or future tariffs. The List 1, 2, 3, and 4 tariffs could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations next year if we do not mitigate their impact.
We anticipate higher import freight costs beginning in the third quarter of 2019 based on our April rate negotiations and the commencement of low sulphur fuel requirements for ships in January 2020. We expect that this will result in higher costs in future periods as merchandise is sold.
Results of Operations
13 weeks ended August 3, 2019 compared to the 13 weeks ended August 4, 2018
Net Sales. Net sales increased $215.0 million, or 3.9%, compared with last year’s second quarter, resulting from increases in comparable store net sales in the Dollar Tree and Family Dollar segments and sales of $141.2 million in new stores, partially offset by lost sales resulting from store closures primarily on the Family Dollar segment. Comparable store net sales increased 2.4% on a constant currency basis as a result of a 1.7% increase in average ticket and a 0.7% increase in customer count. On a constant currency basis, comparable store net sales increased 2.4% in the Dollar Tree segment and increased 2.4% in the Family Dollar segment for the 13 weeks ended August 3, 2019. Comparable store net sales are positively affected by our expanded and relocated stores, which we include in the calculation, and are negatively affected when we open new stores, re-banner stores or expand stores near existing stores.
Gross Profit. Gross profit decreased by $15.4 million to $1,648.5 million in the second quarter of 2019 compared to $1,663.9 million in the second quarter of 2018. Gross profit margin decreased to 28.7% in the current quarter from 30.1% in the same quarter last year. Our gross profit margin decrease was the result of the following:
Merchandise cost, including freight, increased approximately 60 basis points resulting from higher freight costs and higher sales of lower margin consumable merchandise at the Family Dollar segment.
Markdown expense increased approximately 45 basis points resulting from markdowns related to store closures and higher clearance sales in the Family Dollar segment.
Shrink costs increased approximately 25 basis points due to unfavorable inventory results in the Family Dollar segment in the current quarter.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased to $1,379.6 million in the second quarter of 2019 from $1,281.4 million in the same quarter last year, an increase of $98.2 million or 7.7%. As a percentage of net sales, selling, general and administrative expenses increased to 24.0% in the second quarter of 2019 from 23.2% in the same quarter last year. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses was a result of the following:
Operating and corporate expenses increased approximately 65 basis points resulting from increased costs related to the consolidation of our store support centers, increased loss on the disposal of fixed assets due to store closure write-offs and increased store supplies expense to support the H2 initiative on the Family Dollar segment.
Payroll expenses increased approximately 25 basis points primarily due to average hourly rate increases and additional hours, including increased temporary help expenses, to support store-level initiatives. These increases were partially offset by decreased retirement plan contributions.
Operating Income. Operating income for the current quarter decreased to $268.9 million compared with $382.5 million in the same period last year and operating income margin decreased to 4.7% in the current quarter from 6.9% in last year’s second quarter.
Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net was $40.1 million in the second quarter of 2019 compared to $46.1 million in the prior year quarter. The decrease is due to our having less debt outstanding as a result of the prepayment of the $782.0 million Term Loan Facility in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Income Taxes. Our effective tax rate for the 13 weeks ended August 3, 2019 was 21.1% compared to 18.9% for the 13 weeks ended August 4, 2018. The 2019 and 2018 rates reflect reductions of $5.8 million and $8.1 million, respectively, in the reserve for uncertain tax positions resulting from statute expirations.

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26 weeks ended August 3, 2019 compared to the 26 weeks ended August 4, 2018
Net Sales. Net sales in the first half of 2019 increased $470.0 million, or 4.2%, compared with the first half of 2018, resulting from increases in comparable store net sales in the Dollar Tree and Family Dollar segments and sales of $370.7 million at new stores, partially offset by lost sales resulting from store closures primarily on the Family Dollar segment. Comparable store net sales increased 2.3% on a constant currency basis as a result of a 1.7% increase in average ticket and a 0.6% increase in customer count. Comparable store net sales increased 2.2% when including the impact of Canadian currency fluctuations. On a constant currency basis, comparable store net sales increased 2.4% in the Dollar Tree segment and increased 2.1% in the Family Dollar segment for the 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019. Comparable store net sales are positively affected by our expanded and relocated stores, which we include in the calculation, and are negatively affected when we open new stores, re-banner stores or expand stores near existing stores.
Gross Profit. Gross profit increased by $12.2 million to $3,375.7 million in the 26 weeks ended August 3, 2019 compared to $3,363.5 million in the 26 weeks ended August 4, 2018. Gross profit margin decreased to 29.2% in the first half of 2019 from 30.4% in the first half of 2018. Our gross profit margin decrease was the result of the following:
Merchandise cost, including freight, increased approximately 50 basis points resulting from higher freight costs and increased sales of lower margin consumable merchandise, primarily in the Family Dollar segment.